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Types of essay – Writing task 2 (part 2) --> IELTS PREPARATION PANTAI INDAH KAPUK


In previous article, I already discuss about two types of essays. Here, I will discuss about other essay types.

a.       Two sides of argument
Usually the task words are:
-          Discuss
-          Compare/contrast
-          Advantages/disadvantages
When writing an essay discussing about two sides of views, the students should give balanced presentation, which means they should write equally about both sides of the issue. Furthermore, in conclusion, the students could indicate their position.
 b. Evaluate an arguments
Usually the task words are:
-          To what extent….?
-          How important …..?
-          What do you think?
The students will probably take a position which is neither in total agreement (100%) nor total disagreement (0%), but somewhere in between. Hence, they need to explain why.
c. Make choices and justify
Usually the task words are:
-          From options A, B, C, D, E, etc, choose 3 most important. Justify your choice.
This is the most uncommon essay types in academic writing, but usually found in general writing.
Each of the student’s choices becomes the main idea of one body paragraph and they have to give reasons for choosing in the orders.

So,,, before you start write your idea into introduction, body, and conclusion, it would be wise to analyse which essay type is to help you make a good essay.


By Onny Anastasia Tampubolon

Types of essay – Writing task 2 (part 1)

Image result for question types
Before writing an essay, the students need to analyse the task that is given. After reading the questions, they should analyse the essay types of writing task 2 because each type of essay has different way to explain the idea. The students also have to read and underline the key words related to the topic and the task, as well as to explain the main terms in introduction.
There are few types of essay, which are

1.  Problem/Solution
Usually the task words are:
-          What can be done to solve ……..?
-          How can this problem be addressed?
-          What challenges ….?
-          What strategies …?
This means that the students need to explain two or three aspects of the issue, which of each becomes the main idea of each body paragraph. They also need to suggest some solutions or make some recommendations.

      2. Agree of disagree
Usually the task words are:
-          Do you agree or disagree? Why?
-          Explain your position.
-          Justify your opinion.
This means that the students need to take a position either agree or disagree and defend it strongly. They should give several reasons to support their arguments, which of each is the main idea of each body paragraph.


(to be contiued)
By Onny Anastasia Tampubolon


Speaking English Naturally and Fluently

One of the points being assessed during the IELTS Speaking Test is fluency. Fluent in a language means you don’t have to think before you speak, you don’t have to consider grammar rules, and vocabulary to translate in your mind. What you have to do is expressing the thought when you have it; there is no in-between stage for stopping and frame a sentence according to grammar and vocabulary.

1.       Listen, Listen and Listen
 Before you learn how to speak English you need to learn how to listen to English. As you listen, you are filling your memory bank with information. The more times you listen to something the better, and all of the information will come out naturally as you start to speak. Study the real conversations that happen in real life instead of books!

2.       Pronunciation
Pay attention to the pronunciation of native speakers. You can find a lot of videos on YouTube. Read aloud in English, any text or poem or a passage; it is also simply the best way to practice. Then, try speaking with native speakers, for example via video calls. Start with small conversations.

3.       Stop Thinking About Grammar
To improve your speaking you have to stop thinking about the grammar and rules that you have learned. The grammar rules have helped you learn how to write better, but they are not helping you to speak better. In fact, these grammar rules are stopping you from speaking fluently because you are thinking too much about which words to say and what tense to use.

4.       Have Confidence
Have you ever been in a situation where you wanted to speak English, but you felt too shy, nervous and scared to speak? Were you afraid of making a mistake? Were you worried the other person wouldn’t understand what you were saying? Don’t be afraid! Have confidence, just open your mouth and speak.

5.       Practice
The more you practice and interact, the more natural it will be to speak English! The exposure to other people speaking English will allow you to learn how they speak.
Finally, have fun learning English!

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Source: Compiled from IELTS Material
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