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LEARN TO PREDICT


by Onny Anastasia Tampubolon

There are many types of IELTS listening question tasks:
• matching tasks
• multiple choice tasks
• short-answer question tasks
• true/false tasks
• sentence completion tasks
• chart / table completion tasks
• gapfill tasks
• diagram labelling tasks

In the Listening Test, the candidates usually use four skills at once. It is not surprising that candidates often find this the most demanding of the four tests. The candidates need to be able to:
read the instructions and questions
listen for general information
listen for specific information
write the answers as you listen for the answers to the questions that follow.

Before each listening passage, in the time given, the candidates should look at each section in the test booklet and try to predict information about the listening passage situation, predict the number of people involved and what they might be doing or planning, and try especially to predict what they might say and the words they might use.

The candidates are given only a short time to look at the questions before the listening passage begins. However, to score well in the Listening Test you need to develop the ability to think ahead. The more effectively the candidates can predict, the quicker their mind will form the correct word associations to make with the topic, and the better they will be able to work out the meaning of what you hear.
A useful exercise for helping to develop the ability to predict is to play audio cassette tapes in English (e.g. the tape that accompanies this book), and pause after every minute or two to ask yourself what will happen and what you will hear next. This can also be done with videos, taped news items on the TV, interviews on the radio etc. It is important to think about the words that you expect to hear. Write them down, and then check to see how many you guessed correctly.

The secret to increasing your listening skills is to better predict what you might hear

References:
IELTS Jakarta Collection of IELTS Books.


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