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Pemilihan Tenses dalam IELTS Writing Test

Selama mengajar di IELTS Course, seringkali saya mendapatkan pertanyaan mengenai tense yang harus digunakan dalam mengerjakan writing.

IELTS Writing Test pada dasarnya terbagi menjadi dua tugas (task) yang harus dikerjakan oleh peserta tes dalam waktu 60 menit/1 jam. Untuk IELTS Academic Test, yang harus dikerjakan adalah menulis laporan (report) dan esai (essay). Sedangkan untuk IELTS General Training Test, yang harus dibuat adalah surat (letter) dan esai (essay).

Baik pada tes Academic maupun General Training, penggunaan tense yang tepat sangatlah penting karena tata bahasa (grammar) merupakan salah satu poin yang dinilai. Tense adalah pengkategorian atau metode penentuan kata kerja dalam suatu kalimat berdasarkan referensi waktu kejadian atau kondisi yang dinyatakan dalam kalimat tersebut. Dalam tata bahasa Inggris, jumlah tense yang ada mencapai belasan. Namun tentunya dalam percakapan sehari-hari atau bahkan dalam IELTS Test sekalipun, tidak semua tense tersebut haruslah digunakan. Tiga tense utama adalah present, past, dan future. Selain ketiga tense dasar tersebut, yang juga sering digunakan dalam percakapan sehari-hari adalah bentuk variasi progressive/continuous, dan yang juga cukup relevan dalam IELTS Writing Test adalah bentuk variasi perfect.

Pemilihan tense yang tepat dalam IELTS Writing Test pastinya bergantung pada isi atau konteks dari kalimat yang akan ditulis. Dalam penulisan laporan (Writing Academic Task 1), misalnya, sangatlah penting untuk memperhatikan keterangan waktu yang tercantum pada diagram/grafik/tabel di soal. Jika data yang disajikan berasal dari periode yang sudah lewat atau lampau, tentunya pada saat melaporkan datanya, bentuk kalimat past tense-lah yang harus digunakan. Sedangkan dalam penulisan surat (Writing General Training Task 1), seluruh variasi bentuk tense yang umum dipakai dalam percakapan keseharian sangatlah mungkin digunakan, yakni simple, progressive, dan perfect; yang perlu diperhatikan adalah kerangka waktu cerita atau kondisi yang ingin disampaikan dalam surat.

Nah, meskipun ada banyak tense yang harus dipahami, semoga rekan-rekan IELTSJakarta.com tetap semangat dalam mempersiapkan diri yah!

Be SpecTacular! ;)

(Fredrik Nael)

Things that you have to know before doing IELTS Listening Test

  • You must read all the instructions very carefully so that you understand what is required to answer each of the questions.
  • When you read the instructions for note-taking tasks, underline the number of words you are allowed to write for each answer. The notes are in the same order as the information that you hear. You have to write the exact word that you hear. Make sure that you spell everything correctly.
  • If you are asked to write the name of the street, person or company, it will be spelt for you. Practice the names of the letters or the alphabets so that you will be familiar with them, as you only hear them once. When a letter or number is repeated, the speaker will say ‘double’ as for example, FF is ‘double F’.
  • You can write a date in three different ways (e.g. 13th June, June 13 or 13 June).
  • For questions involving things like measurements or money you must write the unit of measurement if this is not already given on the question paper. You can write the whole measurement or abbreviation (e.g. 25 metres or 25m, 25 kilometres/kilometers or 25 km).
  • Predicting what type of word will go into each gap helps you to be ready to hear it during the recording.
  • Follow the recording by listening for the answer to each question. As soon as you get the answer, listen for the answer to the next one.

That is all things you need to consider before taking listening test. This listening tips is supposed to help your IELTS preparation. Now the last part of your preparation program is do more exercise in IELTS Listeing. If you have difficulties in preparing yourself, we are always ready to assist you through our IELTS Preparation Course. All you need to do is contact us at IELTS Jakarta Office or SpecTa Education.

by Yunita
SpecTa Education

Should I Master The Topic in IELTS Test?

Dear IELTS Seekers, we have received many questions in IELTS Jakarta regarding vocabulary, especially when people feel unknowledgeable with the given topic. Commonly, students will easily feel thwarted by topics such as sciences, politics and agriculture. The first question that will be revealed is

“Am I expected to know specialized technical words and use them in my test?”

Unexpectedly the answer is NO. In this case, student should understand the fact in IELTS, you are not required to be a professor or expert in science to get score 7.0 neither in speaking or writing. Diction which normal person can meet when reading the media, newspapers, popular websites and magazines is the best choices indeed.

The next puzzle is what makes those words in magazines sound special. Even people never realize, magazines’ editors and journalists have done great jobs by maintaining the variation of words and organization of idea in their articles. They systematically used variety of synonym and analogy to create non-monotonous works, instead of struggled with boring word repetition.

To give you a clear understanding about experts and commoners ways in the choices of vocabulary please refer to examples below.

1. Expert in Mechanical Fluid
In order to improve the speed of existing car, systematic evaluation about the weakness in conventional transportation technology has been conducted. One of the most crucial issues is drag forces. Unfavorable drag forces could be indicated by the pattern of fluid’s boundary layers surrounding the solid object which is car in this case. Based on this analysis, modification to create more aerodynamic shape will increase the maximum speed that could be achieved by car.

2. Commoners
Our innovators in automotive segment recently tried to improve the performance of existing cars. Recent study has successfully confirmed that car shape can contribute to the reduction of energy consumption. A great design may reduce the energy lost caused by friction between air and body, in other words, better fuel efficiency and higher speed. They are optimist that their idea will be successfully implemented and produce 10% faster car compared to the conventional one.

The first writing is complex and consists of too many unfamiliar phrases. In contrast, the second writing uses more common dictions. Even though both writings are good enough to achieve band 6.5, the second writing is the one that represents the quality of vocabulary that is expected in IELTS.

by Phelia
SpecTa Education